Guterres’ second five-year term in office will begin on January 1, 2022. He has held this position since 2017, having previously been the organization’s High Commissioner for Refugees. Before his UN career, Guterres built a political career in his native Portugal.
He led the Portuguese Socialist Party when it won the election and was Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002. In September 2020, Guterres proposed a reform of the UN Security Council, which is being coordinated with the member states of the organization. The Security Council in early June 2021 supported his candidacy for re-election.