Scientists have shown a model of an underwater biomorphic tuna robot, its main purpose: to control the movement of schools of fish in the event of an ecological disaster. The development reproduces the principles of movement, navigation, and interaction with living organisms in the natural environment, as intended by nature itself.
Scientists also paid attention to the creation of AI for the robot: this is necessary in order to make independent decisions because there is no GPS system underwater.
It is rather difficult to develop any hardware and software complex, be it a scooter or an airplane. In our case, this problem has already been solved by nature itself, including in terms of energy consumption and functionality. We just need to copy the algorithm correctly – to create a digital twin of a living organism. But how laborious it is to create absolute copies without knowing the source code! For example, we know that fish swim in this way and not otherwise in order to minimize the loss of their energy. But how does she use the resources of her body? Here’s what we have to learn.
Viktor Kazantsev, Leading Researcher, Center for Neurotechnologies and Machine Learning, IKBFU
On the one hand, the development of such a robot will help scientists expand fundamental knowledge, study the mechanics of movement of living organisms, the principles of optimizing energy consumption, decision-making systems, etc. On the other hand, it will allow conducting environmental monitoring, managing biological resources and accompanying specific objects underwater.
The prototype of the tuna robot shown by the IKBFU scientists can already independently move not only along a straight trajectory but also turn.