Trump has signed a decree on the commercial extraction of resources on the moon. The document provides US citizens with the right to extract minerals on Earth’s satellite, according to the White House press service.
Now mining on the Moon is limited to the Outer Space Treaty, or the Treaty on the Principles of Activities of States for the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon.
This is an intergovernmental document signed in 1967, the main provisions of which are to prohibit the deployment of nuclear weapons or any other weapons of mass destruction in the orbit of the Earth, the Moon or other space body. The document restricts the use of the Moon and other celestial bodies only for peaceful purposes and prohibits making a claim for possession of a cosmic body or part of it.
Now the United States has once again stated that they refuse to follow the terms of the treaty. According to a decree signed by the US president, the country’s government must resist any attempt to consider outer space as the public domain of mankind.
Americans should have the right to conduct commercial research, production, and use of resources in outer space in accordance with applicable law. Outer space is, from a legal and physical point of view, a unique space for human activities, and the United States does not consider it as a public domain. Thus, the policy of the United States should be to encourage international support for the extraction and use of resources in space from public and private actors.
Donald Trump, President of the United States
Trump also ordered for six months to discuss the decree with other countries.