From the proposal of the US presidential candidate from the Democratic Party Joe Biden to return to the Paris climate agreement, Russia and China will benefit US President Donald Trump said on Thursday.
“They are proposing a return to the unfair and job-destroying Paris climate agreement, which will cost our country trillions of dollars and put us in an inferior competitive position compared to the world. No wonder China will go far ahead with this ridiculous agreement. Both Russia and other countries,” he said in a speech to the White House.
The Paris agreement aims to prevent temperature increases of more than two degrees Celsius (better 1.5) by the end of the century compared to the pre-industrial period (mid-XIX century).
According to scientific reports, such a task is currently unattainable: even if current commitments are fully met, this means warming by three to four degrees compared to the pre-industrial period, which threatens to melt glaciers further, flood some island States, extreme weather events, the disappearance of some biological species, the spread of diseases, the reduction of groundwater supplies and the question of food security. This goal will require reducing greenhouse gas emissions by about a third by 2030.
Eighty-four countries have announced their intention to submit national plans to combat climate change by 2020, 11 of which (Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) have started internal processes to “strengthen their ambitions” and this is already reflected in national plans for 2020. However, among more than 80 countries in the world, China, India, Russia, and Japan are not among the top five in terms of CO2 emissions. The US, which is the second-largest emitter, has begun the process of withdrawing from the Paris agreement.