The Secretary-General’s report on children and armed conflict includes information on the killing, maiming, and sexual abuse of children, as well as abductions, recruitment, and attacks on schools and hospitals. The document confirmed that these violations were committed against 19,379 children in 21 conflicts. The largest number of violations in 2020 was registered in Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Afghanistan, Syria, and Yemen.
According to the report, 8,521 children were forced to participate in military operations around the world. 2,674 children were killed and 5,748 injured in various clashes. Guterres also included in the document a “blacklist” of countries that have not taken measures to protect minors: Myanmar and South Sudan, in particular, were included in it. It is noted that in this way the UN intends to call countries to account and push them to positive changes.
In September 2020, it was reported that the year also saw an increase in the number of sexual crimes against children during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is noted that the reason for the increase in such crimes was the closure of schools for quarantine, as a result of which children began to spend more time on the Internet, where they were found by criminals. The activity of the latter also increased significantly in 2020.