The United States announced the entry into force of UN sanctions against Iran and promised to punish non-compliance. At the same time, the UN Security Council did not make such a decision.
“The United States expects all UN member states to comply with their obligations to implement these measures fully. In addition to the arms embargo, they include restrictions such as prohibiting Iran from participating in the enrichment and processing of uranium, a ban on Iran’s testing and development of ballistic missiles, and sanctions on the transfer of technologies related to the atom and missiles,” US Secretary of state Michael Pompeo said.
The US also threatened those countries that do not agree with this decision.
“If UN member States fail to meet their obligations to implement these sanctions, the US is prepared to use our internal powers to organize the consequences for this failure and ensure that Iran does not benefit from activities prohibited by the UN,” the Secretary of state said.
Disagreement with the US position was expressed in Russia, the European Union, and Iran itself.
The UN Security Council blocked a US attempt to return all sanctions against Iran lifted under the 2015 nuclear deal back in August. Many of the 15 member States then challenged the proposal, since the US withdrew from the agreement with Iran two years ago.
The administration of Donald Trump tried to initiate a return to sanctions after the Security Council rejected a US draft resolution that would have extended the arms embargo on Iran indefinitely. The current ban expires in mid-October.
Under the nuclear deal, a group of world powers-China, France, Russia, Britain, the United States, and Germany — eased sanctions against Iran to curb its nuclear activities. Iran thus intended to prove that it was not developing nuclear weapons.
The fact that the UN Security Council did not decide on the resumption of sanctions and the United States does not have such powers, said representatives of several countries.
“They [the US] cannot be considered a party to the agreement and cannot initiate the process of restoring UN sanctions in accordance with security Council resolution 2231. In this regard, the obligations to lift sanctions by the agreement continue to apply,” EU diplomatic chief Josep Borell said in a statement.
“The US chose the wrong side. Tehran’s message to Washington is transparent — returns to the world community, act in accordance with your obligations, and stop the rebellion. In this case, the world community will accept you,” Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said.
Reuters reported last week, citing four unnamed sources that President Trump intends to sign an order allowing secondary sanctions to be imposed on any country that violates the ban on conventional weapons to Iran.
According to one of these sources, the “violator” may be denied access to the American market.