According to the head of the Ministry of Justice, the current system creates an excessive burden on the immigration system.
The Trump administration is trying to prevent most of those who are on the southern border of the United States, seeking asylum, the opportunity to do so.
This initiative is likely to affect a significant proportion of Central Americans crossing Mexico.
The actions of the administration, announced by the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of national security, prohibit applying for asylum in the United States if the applicant arrived by land through another country where asylum was available prior to arrival in the United States. This is stated in the 58-page Federal document.
US Attorney General William Barr made a statement in which he noted “a sharp increase in the number of foreigners” arriving at the border of the United States and Mexico. According to him, “only a small minority of these persons” have the right to asylum.
“A large number of unsubstantiated applications for asylum creates an extraordinary burden on the national immigration system, undermines many humanitarian purposes of asylum, exacerbates the humanitarian crisis of smuggling of people”, – stated Barr.
The new rules will come into force on Tuesday and are expected to cause legal problems soon.
To enter the United States, asylum seekers would have to prove that they had been denied assistance in a third country, but not in their own country and not in the United States. Otherwise, they will be refused.
The United States agreed with Guatemala and Mexico on the policy in the field of migration and asylum, since the Trump administration is committed to reducing the number of persons crossing the southern border of the country without permission, and the number of asylum-seekers.
The level of security in countries from Central America to the United States varies greatly, experts say.
Although the new rules will affect the lives of tens of thousands of Central Americans, the majority of those who cross the border without permission to seek refuge on the South-Western border of America, it also applies to those who do so outside the region.
The rules will not apply to Mexican or Canadian citizens.