The United States believes that “for some reason, it is difficult for Moscow to agree” to limit the number of nuclear warheads and extend Start-3, and hopes for an early change in position, assistant Secretary of State for international security non-proliferation Christopher Ford said on Friday.
“It turned out that for some reason it is tough for Moscow to agree with us on the principle of limiting the total size of our respective nuclear arsenals and extending Start-3 to allow time for negotiations on a new mechanism, but we hope that this will change soon,” he said at the annual conference of the EU consortium on non-proliferation and disarmament.
The State Department distributed the text of his speech.
The Start-3 Treaty between Russia and the United States entered into force on February 5, 2011. It provides that each party will reduce its nuclear arsenals. In seven years and beyond, the total number of weapons will not exceed 700 Intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarine-launched ballistic missiles, and heavy bombers, as well as 1,550 warheads and 800 deployed and non-deployed launchers. Today, Start-3 is the only current agreement between Russia and the United States on arms limitation, but it expires on February 5, 2021. If it is not extended, there will be no agreements left in the world that limit major nuclear powers’ arsenals.