The U.S. will need to build four times as many solar power plants to depend exclusively on renewable energy sources by 2050. The ambitious plan was presented in the study by the Ministry of Energy of the country.
In 2020, the United States increased the capacity of solar energy by 15 gigawatts. According to the document, now the country’s energy system accounts for 76 gigawatts of solar power — three percent of the total amount of electricity. By 2050, solar power plants should generate about three thousand gigawatts. For this, it is necessary to build solar panels with a capacity of 60 gigawatts annually and increase dependence on the sun to 45 percent.
U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer Granholm believes that shortly, the energy of the Sun will be able to power most American homes. The head of the Association of Solar Energy Enterprises, Abigail Ross Hopper, noted that this could be achieved only with the appropriate policy of the authorities.
President Joe Biden has not yet set new goals for increasing the capacity of solar energy. He only called for reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 50 percent from the current level by 2030 and making renewable energy sources the basis of the country’s energy system by 2035. In 2020, new clean energy capacities in the United States surpassed fossil fuels — 80 percent of the energy projects that appeared were solar (38 percent) or wind (42 percent). In addition, according to the results of 2020, renewable energy sources surpassed coal and nuclear power plants in terms of output.