“I welcome the confirmation by the United States and the Russian Federation that there are no winners in a nuclear war and it should never be allowed, as well as their desire for dialogue on arms control,” the UN Secretary General said in a statement on the occasion of the 76th anniversary of the bombing of Nagasaki.
Guterres also called on all the countries participating in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in the future to “strengthen the norms prohibiting nuclear weapons” and take steps to destroy them.
“More than three-quarters of a century after the destruction of Nagasaki, we continue to live in the shadow of a nuclear mushroom. The prospects for the use of nuclear weapons are as dangerous as at any time since the peak of the Cold War… Together, we must prevent a repeat of the tragedy that occurred on August 9, 1945,” the UN Secretary-General stressed.
On August 9, 1945, at 11: 2 a.m., the American Air Force dropped a Fat Man atomic bomb with a capacity of 20 kilotons and a mass of 4.5 tons on Nagasaki. More than 73 thousand people were killed and went missing; later, another 35 thousand people died from radiation exposure and injuries. More than 50% of the victims were burned, up to 30% were damaged by the shock wave, and 20% were exposed to penetrating radiation. The fires destroyed most of the residential buildings. The consequences of the second bombing were no less terrifying than the first one – in Hiroshima. In one of the Japanese reports, the situation observed on the territory of Nagasaki was described as follows: “The city resembles a cemetery, where not a single tombstone has survived.”
According to the latest data, now in Japan, 130 thousand people have books of victims of atomic bombings; their average age is already 84 years.
In the place of the epicenter of the nuclear explosion and next to it on an area of 18 hectares is the Peace Park, in the center of which there is a huge figure of a sitting half-naked man. His right hand is raised up as if pointing to a falling bomb and his left hand is stretched out horizontally and symbolizes peace and forgiveness. In the Peace Park, there is a Museum of documents of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, one of the exhibits of which is a clock with hands frozen at 11 hours and 2 minutes — the time when the city was subjected to atomic bombing.