More than 30 African countries, as well as a number of Asian and island States, are on the list of least developed countries in the world. This is stated in the report on the least developed countries submitted to the UN Conference on trade and development (UNCTAD).
The list includes 47 States. These are mainly African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, CAR, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Madagascar, Mali, Sudan, South Sudan, Uganda, Zambia, and others. The list also included the island States of Oceania Kiribati, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands. The third group — Asian countries — included Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Yemen, and Bhutan.
“We analyze all countries based on three criteria, — explained the representative of UNCTAD Chantal Carpentier. — First, it is per capita income, countries with this indicator below $ 1230 are considered here.”
“But we need other indicators because there are so small countries that if one of the citizens, for example, a football player, leaves and will receive a very large salary, it will change the indicator of the whole state,” she said. — Therefore, we also analyze the criterion of human resource weakness based on indicators of nutrition, health, education and literacy of the adult population and the criterion of economic vulnerability — that is, exposure to climatic, agricultural, economic and other disasters.”
Based on this report and guided by the sustainable development goals, the UN develops recommendations to the leaders of these countries to improve the situation. Five countries — Botswana, Cape Verde, Equatorial Guinea, Maldives, and Samoa-have managed to leave a negative rating in the history of the report.