On Tuesday, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson unveils a new strategy in the field of defense, security, and foreign policy, in which Russia is named the main threat to the country.
“Russia will remain the main direct threat to the UK,” the CNN channel quotes the text of the document. “Russia is the most serious threat in the region, and we will work with our NATO allies to ensure a unified response from the West, combining military, intelligence, and diplomatic efforts.”
According to CNN, to achieve its goals, the British government wants to increase defense spending by 24 billion pounds ($33.3 billion) over the next four years.
According to the review, the country intends to increase its stockpile of nuclear warheads by more than 40 percent to ensure its security in the face of increased risks and new technological threats.
The document’s text notes that the UK faces risks from States that already possess nuclear weapons or develop nuclear capabilities. The means of nuclear deterrence are necessary for it to ensure its own security and the security of its allies
“Some States are now significantly increasing and diversifying their nuclear arsenals,” the document says. “Growing global competition challenges to the international order and the proliferation of potentially disruptive technologies all pose a threat to strategic stability.”
As part of its deterrence strategy, the UK will increase the number of nuclear warheads to 260. The country also plans to replace its current nuclear warhead with a new one that will be able to operate for the entire life of four new submarines that are being built and are due to be commissioned in the early 2030s. London will work together with the US to ensure the compatibility of the technologies.
The Johnson government is also committed to developing the space program, saying that space is becoming an important commercial and military competition area.
In the field of space exploration, the UK lags far behind the leading space powers: the United States, Russia, China, India, and the European Union. Now, Johnson wants to make the country a “significant player” in the space race. The document says the UK intends to establish a Space Command by the summer of 2021, and by 2022 develop the capability to launch its satellites from Scotland.
According to the government, space technology has become one of the fastest-growing sectors in the UK since 2010, employing 42,000 people and generating 14.8 billion pounds ($20.5 billion) a year in revenue.
The UK will also seek to maintain its place as one of the world’s leading cyber powers by developing technologies in the fields of quantum computing and artificial intelligence (AI).