This gas is one of the causes of climate change.
The United States and the European Union are making joint diplomatic efforts to reduce methane emissions by almost a third over the next decade, ahead of the COP26 Climate Conference. This is evidenced by the documents accessed by the Reuters news agency.
Methane (CH4), which causes the greenhouse effect, is the most important cause of climate change after carbon dioxide (CO2) and requires more attention from governments that are trying to limit the increase in the average global temperature by 1.5 °C. Achieving this level was the goal of the Paris Climate Agreement in 2015.
The U.S. and the EU will announce a joint commitment to reduce anthropogenic methane emissions by at least 30% by 2030, according to a draft statement of the Global Methane Pledge, which Reuters reviewed.
“The short lifetime of methane in the atmosphere means that actions can quickly reduce the rate of global warming,” the draft document says.
A separate document lists more than two dozen countries that the U.S. and the EU will convince to make a promise to reduce methane emissions. Among them are Saudi Arabia, China, Russia, Norway, Qatar, and the United Kingdom.
The U.S. Department of State and the European Commission have not yet commented on the information that has appeared.