The Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons (TPWN) will affect January 22, 2021. This was announced on Saturday on its official website by the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).
“The Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons has been ratified by 50 countries. It will come into force on January 22, 2021,” the statement said. The last country to ratify the Treaty was Honduras on Saturday. The day before, the Treaty was ratified by Jamaica and Nauru. The Treaty will enter into force 90 days after the Deposit of the 50th instrument of ratification.
The report on the site emphasizes that before adopting the TPWN, nuclear weapons were the only type of weapons of mass destruction not prohibited under international law, despite the “catastrophic humanitarian consequences.”
“This is a new chapter in the field of nuclear disarmament. Thanks to decades of active work, what many thoughts were impossible has been achieved: nuclear weapons are banned,” said ICAN Executive Director Beatrice Fihn.
The Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons was adopted in New York on July 7, 2017, with 122 UN member states following negotiations that did not involve nuclear powers, including Russia, the United Kingdom, China, the United States, and France. Following the document’s text, its participants undertake “never and under no circumstances” to develop, test, produce or accumulate nuclear weapons, or use or threaten to use them. Countries that have joined the agreement will also be prohibited from deploying other states ‘ nuclear weapons on their territory.
ICAN is a coalition of public organizations from more than 100 countries. In 2017, she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize “for drawing attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for her incredible efforts to achieve the adoption of a treaty banning such weapons.”