Anthropologists led by Ashley Hammond, curator of the American Museum of Natural History, have found the oldest bones of the first representatives of the genus Homo.
Experts have deciphered the genome of a modern man, whose skull was found in the Golden Coon Cave.
We determined where exactly off the shores of Lake Turkana almost half a century ago we found a fragment of the KNM-ER 2598 skull, and carried out repeated excavations in this place, as a result of which we found knuckles and part of the pelvic bones. We cannot say for sure whether they belonged to the same individual as the part of the skull, but their structure clearly says that their owner was an extremely ancient Homo erectus.
Homo erectus, the authors emphasize, invented complex tools, opened fire and began to cook food. They were the first to leave Africa and settled practically throughout the Old World.
Scientists have discovered a fragment of the skull KNM-ER 2598, in order to understand who was its owner and how long it lived, the authors examined the place of the find.
As a result, they confirmed that the age of KNM-ER 2598 is indeed more than 1.86 million years. This makes the skull one of the oldest pieces of evidence for the existence of Homo erectus in Africa and the entire Earth.
The discovery makes it possible to unambiguously link this region of East Africa with the first Homo erectus on Earth.