The head of the CDC, Rochelle Walensky, attributed this to the effectiveness of many years of work.
According to a new analysis by U.S. health authorities, the number of reported annual HIV infections fell by 73 percent from 1981 to 2019.
“The reduction was due to years of work and collaboration with scientists, patients, patient advocates, and the public,” said Rochelle Walensky, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
She described how, early in her career, she worked as a doctor in Baltimore at the height of the HIV epidemic and could give patients nothing but attention and empathy, since the first highly effective treatments were approved only in the mid-1990s.
It is estimated that about 1.2 million people are living with the human immunodeficiency virus in the United States. About 13 percent of them are unaware of their status.
According to a new report, annual HIV incidence rates increased from 20,000 cases in 1981 to a peak of 130,400 in 1984 and 1985. In the period from 1991 to 2007, this figure stabilized and amounted to between 50,000 and 58,000 cases per year, and in recent years continued to decline and in 2019 fell to 34,800 cases.