The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced on Tuesday that the 2019 Nobel prize in physics will be awarded to James Peebles – for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology – and Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz – for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.
The Royal Swedish Academy called the discoveries of scientists revolutionary for astronomy. This was their contribution to the study of the evolution of the universe and the place of the Earth in it.
Half of the prize money, for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology, received Canadian and American scientist James Peebles, Professor at Princeton University. He was one of those who predicted the existence of the relic radiation that filled the universe after the Big Bang.
The 2019 #NobelPrize in Physics has been awarded with one half to James Peebles “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology” and the other half jointly to Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.” pic.twitter.com/BwwMTwtRFv
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 8, 2019
Swiss astrophysicists Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz shared the second part, for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star. They discovered exoplanet 51 Pegasus b in 1995. Since then, more than four thousand exoplanets have been discovered in a Milky Way.
The total amount of the cash prize is nine million Swedish kronor (909 thousand US dollars).
During a press conference in Stockholm, Peebles stressed that the discoveries were made by the efforts of many scientists. He also advised young people who are thinking about a scientific.
“It makes sense to do science if you admire it,” James Peebles said.