The Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded for the development of a method for genome editing

The 2020 Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna, who developed the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technology, the Nobel Committee of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said.

French microbiologist Charpentier, who is now working in Germany, and her colleague, American biochemist Jennifer Doudna (the University of Berkeley in California) a few years ago, discovered a molecular ‘immunity’ in bacteria they are protected from viruses. It was used for ultra-precise editing of genomes of various organisms. Today, scientists worldwide use the “genome editor” to create approaches to the treatment of serious ailments, including AIDS and hereditary diseases.

Over the past years, Charpentier and Doudna regularly mentioned among the main candidates for the Nobel Prize.

On Monday and Tuesday, the Nobel Committee announced the names of laureates in the field of physiology or medicine, as well as physics. Tomorrow it will be known who received the Nobel Prize in literature, and on Friday, the winner of the peace prize will be named. Nobel week will end on October 12 with the prize for Economics, established by the State Bank of Sweden in 1969 in memory of Alfred Nobel.

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