Swiss engineers have created a chip that combines the functions of data storage and processing.
Recall that earlier energy efficiency was limited by the von Neumann architecture, in which data processing and storage are performed in two separate blocks. This approach assumed that data must be constantly transferred from device to device, and this takes time.
The new development will help create more compact and faster gadgets.
The microcircuit of the new chip is made of molybdenum sulfide MoS2. It is such a two-dimensional material, consisting of a layer only three atoms thick. Scientists have created on its basis a microcircuit on field-effect transistors with floating gate.
The researchers emphasize that the ability of such circuits to perform two functions is similar to how the human brain works, where neurons are involved in both storing memories and conducting mental calculations.