Scientists from the United States introduced a new liquid battery that saves energy longer and does not harm the environment. It can power both smartphones and entire plants.
Scientists from the Cochrell School of Engineering at the University of Texas in the United States have introduced a new battery that combines many of the benefits of analogues but does not harm the environment and stores energy for longer.
The metal electrodes in the battery can remain liquefied at 20 ° C – the lowest operating temperature ever recorded for liquid metal batteries. The remaining liquid metal batteries should be stored at temperatures above 240°C.
“This battery can provide all the advantages of both solid-state and liquid batteries – it contains more energy, works more stable, has more flexibility. During the preliminary tests, we did not reveal any obvious flaws in these batteries”, the researchers note.
Thanks to liquid components, the battery can be easily increased or decreased depending on the required power. The larger the battery, the more energy it can provide. This flexibility allows these batteries to power everything from smartphones and watches to the infrastructure that underpins movement to renewable energy sources.
Researchers have spent more than three years on this project, but their work is not yet complete. Many of the elements that make up the core of this new battery are more common than some of the key materials in traditional batteries, making them potentially easier and cheaper. However, gallium, which is part of the battery, remains an expensive material. The search for alternative materials that can provide the same performance while reducing costs remains a key challenge for scientists.