The analytical center Ember (Great Britain) published a report on the state of the electricity market in the EU countries in the first half of 2020: according to its results, for the first time in history, the share of renewable energy sources: wind, solar, water, and biomass) exceeded the share of fossil fuels: coal and natural gas. This means that green energy has overtaken fossil fuels in production for the first time.
As a result, carbon dioxide emissions from the energy sector fell by almost a quarter in the first six months of 2020.
The total share of RES (renewable energy sources) for six months was 40%, and fossil fuels – 34%. The remaining 26% of generation was provided by nuclear power plants.
Renewable energy grew by 11% in the first half of the year compared to the same period last year. This happened in particular due to the installation of new solar stations and wind farms, as well as due to favorable weather conditions. Solar and wind alone account for a record 21% of total electricity generation in Europe. In some countries, this figure is significantly higher: 64% in Denmark, 49% in Ireland, and 42% in Germany.
The study’s authors say that electricity demand in the EU has fallen by 7% due to the coronavirus pandemic, but even so, renewable energy generation has grown by 11%, mainly due to wind and solar installations.
Experts note that this trend will only gain momentum. However, to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality by 2030, this is not enough: two to three times more wind stations need to be deployed per year than in the last decade.