The entire collection of Dead Sea scrolls at the Bible Museum in Washington turned out to be fake. This was stated by independent researchers from the company Art Fraud Insights.
The administration of the Bible Museum in Washington said that all 16 fragments of the Dead Sea scrolls, which were called “one of the most important archaeological discoveries of the 20th century,” turned out to be a modern fake. This conclusion was made by Art Fraud Insights.
These scrolls were discovered in the 1940s in caves near Jerusalem. Previously, it was believed that these were the remains of large manuscripts that had fallen into disrepair for natural reasons, or due to human intervention.
In 2018, the museum said that some parts of the scrolls turned out to be fakes. The administration removed these fragments from the exhibit and later recruited Art Fraud Insights fakes to research the rest of its collection.
After a comprehensive review of all the images and the results of scientific analysis, it turned out that not one of the text fragments of the collection of the scrolls of the Bible Museum is authentic. “Moreover, each exhibit has characteristics that suggest that this is a deliberate fake, created in the 20th century in order to simulate authentic fragments of Dead Sea scrolls”, the company said.
Art Fraud Insights has published a detailed report on its analysis on its website. Fragments were mainly written on recycled pieces of ancient skin covered with animal glue, which helped them match the appearance of genuine pieces of scroll.