The first spacecraft of the new satellite system “Arktika-M” will make it possible to predict space weather.
The instruments of the complex installed on the “Arktika-M” will monitor the characteristics of the near-earth environment during solar flares and geomagnetic storms.
Space weather affects the conditions of radio communications, the setting of flight restrictions for aircraft pilots.
If it is predicted, then it is possible to prepare for incidents on power grids and exclude events when large-scale power outages occur due to strong magnetic storms.
GGAK-VE should measure the values of the Earth’s magnetic field in orbit, cosmic fluxes of electrons and protons – some of the measurements will be carried out for the first time. The complex was created in cooperation with the leading institutes of the industry: the Institute of Applied Geophysics named after academician E.K. Fedorov, the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the D.V. Skobeltsin Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov. The complex has unified instruments that also operate in a continuous mode on the Electro-L geostationary spacecraft.
Alexey Kovalev, chief designer of the RKS heliogeophysical instrumentation complex
The space system “Arktika-M” will continuously provide operational information about the state of the atmosphere and surface of the Arctic region of the Earth to the Hydrometeorological Center of Russia.
This will improve the accuracy of the models when making short-term weather forecasts, help track emergencies and carry out environmental monitoring of the environment.