The average temperature on Earth exceeded pre-industrial indicators by 1,1°C. This conclusion was reached by experts of the World Meteorological Organization, calling the last five years “the hottest in the history of observations.” About it writes ScienceAlert.
In a statement, scientists noted that the global average temperatures in 2019 were 1,1°C higher compared to the pre-industrial period (1850-1900). The hottest was 2016, but it turned out to be the end of the extreme El Nino, which usually has a negative effect on temperature.
In 2019, the average temperature was 2°C higher in Australia, Alaska, northern Russia, Eastern Europe and southern Africa. Central North America was the only significant territory with temperatures below average.
In addition, WMO experts noted that forest fires in Australia and prolonged drought are the effects of rising temperatures throughout the world. Climate change is associated mainly with human activities and an increase in the concentration of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide in the Earth’s atmosphere. Now their performance is higher than pre-industrial by 147%, 259% and 124%, respectively.