Solar Orbiter station sent the first scientific data from several research instruments on the characteristics of the magnetic field near the device. The Solar Orbiter probe was launched into orbit on February 10, 2020.
The joint mission of the ESA and NASA’s Solar Orbiter probe will study coronal solar emissions, prominence formation, pole structure, and solar wind mechanisms. The mission is designed for nine years – during this time the station will make 22 orbits around the Sun.
Now scientists have successfully deployed all three antennas of the RPW (Radio and Plasma Waves) instrument, which will study the characteristics of the electromagnetic fields of the solar wind. In the coming months, the mission team will launch six more instruments for capturing the Sun at different wavelengths, and the probe will send the first full-fledged scientific data to Earth in May 2020.
Solar Orbiter is not the only spacecraft to study the Sun. He will join a fleet of star observation probes that have been collecting data for decades, including NASA’s record Parker Solar Probe (PSP), which was launched in 2018.
Recently it became known that the European Space Agency (ESA) plans in 2022 to launch two satellites of the new Proba-3 project into the Earth’s orbit to study the processes in the solar corona in the visible wavelength range.