Researchers from the UK have introduced smart tissue that can itself change shape. It can be mass-produced.
Robotic tissues usually work in conjunction with bulky external machines that modulate the air pressure inside them to make the fabric move or change its shape. Since this may limit their potential use, a team of researchers from the Harvard Institute introduced a textile-based soft robot that can regulate itself.
Researchers at Harvard Institute have developed a robotic fabric called Smart Thermally Actuating Textiles (STATs), which consists of hermetically sealed bags containing Novec 7000 engineered fluid. When heated, the fluid evaporates, which changes the shape of the fabric. But when it cools, it condenses back into the liquid, thereby reducing tissue.
To get rid of an external device that regulates the shape of the fabric, the researchers woven electrically conductive silvered threads into the material. They serve as heating and sensory elements of smart tissue, allowing you to change the temperature and pressure needed to turn liquids into steam and vice versa.
Scientists said that they can produce fabric in bulk and with any shape, which gives a wide range for its application. It can be used, for example, in mechanotherapeutic wear-resistant materials that accelerate tissue repair. Researchers also suggest embedding it in pillows with a responsive response so that people with disabilities can customize them.