If a person has chronic diseases, then the likelihood that he will get a severe form of COVID-19 is much higher. A new study has shown that people who abuse alcohol are most at risk of contracting a new type of coronavirus.
American scientists from Indiana University in Bloomington have analyzed data from more than a thousand people. They found that those people who are prone to drunkenness and alcohol dependence are twice as likely to become infected with SARS-CoV-2 than low-drinkers and those who do not drink alcohol at all. In addition, they are more likely to show unpleasant symptoms of coronavirus infection.
In the experiment, the average age of the volunteers was 20 years. At the time of the beginning of observations, no one had ever become infected with a new type of coronavirus.
At the beginning of the study, the researchers tested the participants for alcohol dependence. As a result of the check, about a third of the subjects fell into the group of alcohol abusers. Another 810 people were classified as drinkers and teetotalers.
Over the next few months, 44 volunteers tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 PCR. Of these, 23 people were low drinkers, and 21 drank constantly. It turned out that addicts were infected 1.89 times more often. They also had symptoms such as loss of smell and headache 18% more often. Scientists concluded that drinking patients are more likely to get coronavirus in the next wave.
The results of the work were published on the medRxiv preprints website, they have not yet gone through the peer review procedure.
We will remind, earlier scientists found out that even small doses of alcohol weaken the innate and adaptive immunity.