Scientists from the European Space Agency have shown a robotic sphere DAEDALUS with a diameter of 46 cm to explore the depths of lunar caves.
A team of scientists coordinated by the Julius Maximilian University (JMU) in Germany has created a unique spherical robot DAEDALUS. He will study the lunar underground structures.
Lunar orbiters have already mapped several deep pits on the lunar surface. They are considered “skylights” in lava caves. Such objects are of great scientific interest. The point is that they provide access to pristine lunar material – perhaps even to deposits of water ice. In addition, such caves can become a habitat for lunar explorers and colonizers. They can serve as a natural shield against radiation, micrometeorites and extreme surface temperatures.
DAEDALUS is equipped with a stereoscopic camera, laser locating and lidar systems for 3D mapping of the “interiors” of caves. In addition, the body of the robot is equipped with temperature sensors, a radiation dosimeter and mechanical “arms” that will help the device to get rid of obstacles in its path and study the properties of rocks. It should be noted that DAEDALUS is able to work autonomously. Its hanging cable will act as a Wi-Fi receiver, allowing the robot to transmit data from the pits.
The spherical design allows for 360-degree viewing of the environment.