Scientists have not documented cases of COVID-19 transmission from mother to child by examining the genome of four newborns in the homeland of the pandemic in Wuhan. This is stated in the work of scientists from Huazhong University of Science and Technology, published in the journal Frontiers in Pediatrics.
At the end of February 2020, Chinese scientists discovered that a new type of coronavirus COVID-19 could infect the placenta cells of pregnant women. This observation led scientists to the idea that the virus can be transmitted from mother to child through the fetus.
To test this hypothesis, scientists followed the development of four newborn children and examined their genome for the content of COVID-19 virus in the body. All of the children participating in the study were born in Wuhan Hospital, and their mothers were infected with a new type of coronavirus.
In all cases, the children were born prematurely and had defects in their prenatal development, but whether this is due to the virus is not specified. Immediately after birth, the babies were isolated from their mothers – tests for coronavirus showed a negative result. In addition, none of the children developed symptoms of the disease in the next few days.
“To avoid infection after giving birth, obstetricians recommend a cesarean section. Only one of the women we studied gave birth naturally due to the onset of labor, and her child did not get the virus. Perhaps this version of the birth is also safe, but we need additional observations”.
Yalan Liu, lead author of the study