Researchers have shown climate change using “heat strips”. According to their data, the last 19 of 20 years were the hottest in the history of the planet.
Meteorologists have introduced a new method of visualizing how climate is changing on the planet – they timed the publication to a trend according to which the increase in temperature on Earth has accelerated over the past 40 years. Researchers presented “warming strips” live on several television channels in the US and on the Internet.
They used data collected by NASA, NOAA, and other research agencies. Thus, climatologists wanted to “give anyone the opportunity to see warming trends that are relevant for the whole world and for a particular country.”
They explained that 19 of the last 20 years are the warmest in the history of planet Earth. Researchers believe that this is a reaction to the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide, a powerful greenhouse gas that exists in the atmosphere for 300 to 1000 years and retains heat. The level of carbon dioxide in the Earth’s atmosphere is growing rapidly: it was not so high for at least 800 thousand years. The amount of carbon dioxide continues to grow.
Previously, scientists found that climate change will make trees smaller and make them die young. This conclusion was made by scientists from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, whose work was published in the journal Science. It is known that several factors directly or indirectly related to human activities have led to a significant reduction in forest area around the world. Among them are deforestation, forest fires, insects, and diseases. These changes have led to an imbalance of three important characteristics of a diverse and prosperous forest: replenishment, which is the appearance of new seedlings, growth, a net increase in biomass, and mortality or death of trees in the forest.