Scientists from the National Radio Astronomy Observatory discovered a black hole that formed just 900 million years after the Big Bang. Researchers suggest that in the early days of the universe there were already hundreds of black holes.
Nine hundred million years after the Big Bang, in the era of early galaxies, there was already a black hole that was a billion times larger than the Sun. This black hole sucked in a huge amount of ionized gas, forming a galactic engine, known as blazar, which emitted a super-hot stream of bright matter into space. Researchers can still detect the light from this explosion more than 12 billion years later.
The early adopters found evidence of the first supermassive black holes in more young “radioactive galactic nuclei”. These are galaxies with active nuclei, which are too bright for telescopes, but contain signs of black holes. Blazers emit two narrow jets of relativistic material in opposite directions. These jets emit narrow beams of light over many wavelengths and are directed directly to the Earth – that is why scientists can observe them.
“Thanks to the discovery, it can be assumed that for the first billion years of life in the whole, there were a large number of large black holes emitting powerful jets”, the researchers noted. Their discovery confirms that they existed in the era of the early Universe or in the period immediately after the Big Bang, when stars and galaxies were just beginning to form.
Earlier, students and scientists from the OSIRIS-REX mission accidentally discovered a black hole in the probe’s images, located 30 thousand light-years from Earth. The object at the time of observing the asteroid Bennu flashed brightly, according to a statement on the mission website.