Scientists from the United States and Hungary have suggested that most of the rocks on Earth were cubic in shape. They confirmed the conjecture of the philosopher Plato, who first wrote about this back in the 5th century BC.
Scientists from the University of Pennsylvania (USA), Budapest University of Technology and Economics, and the University of Debrecen (Hungary) have shown that in most cases the shape of rocks on Earth is a cube.
These ideas resonate with the theory of the Greek philosopher Plato, who lived in the 5th century BC. He believed that the universe consists of five types of matter: earth, air, fire, water, and space. Plato used the geometry of polyhedrons to explain such properties of matter as hardness, fusibility, airiness, and fire. In this case, a cube was assigned to the earth, an icosahedron to water, an octahedron to air, and a tetrahedron to fire.
The group relied on the theory of geometric models developed by the mathematician of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Gabor Domokos, in whose work it was noted that natural rocks are usually fragmented into cubic forms.
The researchers tried to understand what shape the stones formed before they broke into pieces. It turned out that the only form in which pieces of the same length can converge into a single material are cubes.
To test whether their mathematical models are true in nature, the team measured a wide range of rocks – hundreds of them they collected themselves, and another thousand they studied from existing datasets. Regardless of whether the stones were destroyed naturally or with human intervention, the team determined that they are all collected into cubes.
However, there have been rock formations that violate the researchers’ theory. For example, this is the bridge of giants, which is located in Ireland – soaring vertical columns were formed due to an unusual process of cooling the basalt. However, such formations are rare and rather are an exception that does not fall under the “theory of cubes”.