France, Britain, and Germany launched an official dispute resolution mechanism for the nuclear deal with Iran after Tehran announced that it was waiving all restrictions under the 2015 agreement.
Three European countries said that recent decisions by the Iranian leadership left them with no other choice.
“Iran continues to violate the basic conditions set out in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Iran’s actions now do not comply with the provisions of the agreement and have increasingly serious and irreversible consequences. We do not agree that Iran has the right to refuse to comply with the JCPOA,” the statement said.
In a joint statement, the countries expressed regret over the US decision to withdraw from the nuclear deal and stressed that they want to keep the agreement. European countries do not intend to raise the issue of imposing sanctions on Iran.
“Our intention is not to restore sanctions, but to remove existing contradictions through the dispute resolution mechanism provided for in the deal,” a source in European diplomatic circles told.
The so-called Joint comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA) was signed in 2015 by six countries (the United States, Russia, China, the United Kingdom, France, and Germany) to limit Iran’s nuclear program.
Tehran agreed to allow international inspectors to enter its nuclear facilities and limit its nuclear program in exchange for lifting the harsh economic sanctions imposed on it.
In 2018, US President Donald Trump announced the withdrawal from the agreement and the restoration of sanctions against Iran. After that, Tehran began to reduce gradually its obligations under the JCPOA.
On January 5, the Iranian government announced that it was waiving the latest restrictions on the nuclear deal concluded in 2015 by Iran and the six international mediators.
Tehran has said it is ready to return to fulfilling its obligations if sanctions are lifted. The Iranian authorities linked their decision to the murder of high-ranking General Qasem Suleimani in early January.
According to Iran, first, the refusal of restrictions is related to the number of centrifuges.
The US is trying to use sanctions to force Iran into a new deal that will permanently make it impossible for Iran to obtain nuclear weapons and severely restrict its missile programs.
Iran refuses to conclude such a Treaty, claiming that its nuclear program is exclusively peaceful.