On the border of Mexico and Guatemala, they found the oldest Mayan temple about 3 thousand years old. The discovery was made by scientists from the University of Arizona, it is described in an article in the journal Nature.
Mayan civilization existed on the Yucatan Peninsula for several millennia – until the ninth century AD. After that, the Mayans left their cities – scientists are still arguing why this happened. One hypothesis says that the cause of this was prolonged droughts, according to another reason conflicts with other Native American policies became.
In order to answer this question, scientists need to collect more data about the structure of cities and Mayan life. In a new study, scientists took another step towards this goal – they were able to discover another city built between 2.8 thousand and 3 thousand years BC.
Based on the data of lidars, which are used to identify voids and heterogeneities in the deep layers of the soil, scientists were able to find a huge stone platform near the border of Mexico and Guatemala.
The platform is hidden beneath the surface of the earth – its length is about 1.4 km, its width is 400 m, and its height is from 15 to 20 m. It is connected to the outside world by nine wide roads and was turned in such a way that its opposite ends “looked” to those points where the sun rises on the summer and winter solstice, if you look at the platform from the pyramid or barrow, which is located several hundred meters to the west of it.
Based on this, scientists concluded that they were able to discover a religious monument – moreover, it is the oldest known to science.
“Analyzing the low-quality images of this area obtained by the Mexican authorities using laser radars, we noticed a huge platform. Having scanned this territory in more detail, we found under the soil the traces of a huge building, which remained invisible to local residents because of its monumental size and flat shape ”Takeshi Inomata, lead author of the research