NASA has approved funding for Nokia’s project to build a 4G cellular network on the moon. According to experts, the cost of creating the infrastructure will amount to approximately $ 14.1 million.
The agency plans to connect mobile bases on the moon, where the colonialists will live. Specialists will set up several research and mining centers there. Their functioning will also depend on the fast data exchange network, for this, the researchers want to use 4G, but soon they plan to switch to 5G. They recently tested this technology and stated that its functionality would be suitable for the Moon.
During the tests, the researchers used four telescopes in New Mexico and one of the satellites orbiting the Earth. The signal was transmitted using a laser in the form of coded infrared pulses. The telescopes were able to send a 40W signal. Scientists received an access point on the lunar surface with a download speed of 19.44 Mbps and a transfer speed of 622 Mbps.
“The system could communicate with the lunar surface at greater distances, at higher speeds, and provide greater reliability than required by current standards,” NASA said in its announcement of the contract.
The presence of cellular communications on the moon can provide communication between astronauts, rovers, and the habitats of employees, the scientists noted. “We want to present the [lunar] infrastructure that will create an international partnership for the largest, broadest, and most diverse coalition of researchers in human history,” said NASA.
The agency will also finance devices for generating and storing energy on the lunar surface. Scientists will present a “jumping robot” that can launch and carry small payloads from one site to another.
Previously, Vodafone and Nokia planned to create 4G mobile communications on the Moon. For this purpose, they wanted to deliver equipment to the Earth satellite, which, as the mission staff said, “weighs less than a package of sugar.” It was supposed to transmit high-definition data streams from the lunar landscape to Earth.