So, former National Security adviser to Donald Trump Robert O’Brien and former senior director for Russia and European Affairs of the National Security Council Ryan Tully note that the US authorities have already leased two icebreakers to conduct intelligence the region permanently. The United States intends to develop its own Arctic fleet, which they want to place in Alaska.
“Geographical features and multi-lateral governance structures create certain opportunities for America and its allies, but the use of existing opportunities will require special diplomacy, as well as a permanent presence in this region,” the authors of the material noted.
They stressed that the Arctic is important not only for the strategic trade routes that are opening up due to climate change but also due to the huge reserves of energy resources, precious metals, and deposits of rare earth elements. At the same time, according to experts, defending the interests of the United States in the region is complicated because the “rivalry of the great powers” there is acute, and defense spending in all three countries is growing.