The Mars 2020 Perseverance Rover mission is due to be launched in July 2020. It is assumed that the lander with rovers will land on the planet in the summer of 2021. It will include two rovers, the likely landing site of which will be the Sirte Plateau and the Jesero Crater, located 28 km from each other.
Research vehicles will have to take soil samples in the vicinity of the landing sites to determine if microbes have living conditions on Mars. Recently installed wheels on the rover and parachute will allow the device to make a soft landing on the surface of the Red Planet. The weight of the parachute is 88 kg, and its area is not less than 21 m.
After landing on Mars, the Ingenuity helicopter should be separated from the rover, which will study the planet with Perseverance – one device from the air, the other from the earth.
The weight of Ingenuity is only 1.8 kg and the diameter is 1.2 m. Ingenuity is equipped with two cameras and can hang in the air for 30 seconds in order to take photos of the area in good quality.
The device received the name Ingenuity from a high school student in Alabama, Vaniza Rupani, who won the NASA contest, where names were chosen for various space missions.