The lunar mission is part of the Artemis space program.
The US Aerospace Agency (NASA) has released a plan to land the first woman on the Moon in 2024.
The head of NASA, Jim Bridenstine, recalled that people have not landed on the surface of the Moon since 1972.
“We are returning to the moon for scientific discoveries, economic benefits, and inspiration for a new generation of researchers,” Bridenstine said Monday. “By creating a sustainable presence, we are simultaneously preparing to take our first steps on the red planet.”
NASA’s $ 28 billion lunar mission is part of the Artemis space program. The astronauts will be taken to the Moon by NASA’s new Space Launch System rocket and the Orion spacecraft.
Bridenstine noted that the work of NASA is often threatened by “political risks,” especially before such important elections. If Congress approves the first $ 3.2 billion funding package by Christmas, he said, the moon landing could take place in 2024 as planned.
The planned landing of a woman on the Moon has been announced as President Donald Trump seeks to win over female voters ahead of the November election. The President said he wants to nominate a woman to the Supreme Court seat vacated by the death of justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Three projects participate in a competition to create a lunar lander that will take two astronauts to the Moon from the Orion spacecraft.
One of the projects is being developed by Blue Origin, founded by Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos, in collaboration with Draper, Lockheed Martin, and Northrup Grumman. SpaceX and Elon Musk’s Dynetics are developing other projects.
An uncrewed mission around the Moon, Artemis-1, is scheduled for 2021.in 2023, a manned flight around the Moon, Artemis-2, will take place, and in 2024, the Artemis-3 mission will land on the surface of the Moon and stay there for a week. Astronauts will collect soil and rock samples, search for water and other resources, and conduct scientific experiments.