Scientists from the USA and Europe presented the most detailed photographs of the Sun. According to them, researchers can learn more about the atmosphere of a star and its effect on space.
NASA and the European Space Agency’s (ESA) solar orbiting apparatus have taken photos that allow us to see the Sun closer than ever.
“These are the most unprecedented photographs of the Sun we have ever received,” said Holly Gilbert, a researcher at NASA. “These amazing photographs will help scientists put together and study the atmospheric layers of the Sun, which is important for understanding how it affects space weather around the celestial body and throughout the solar system”.
#SolarOrbiter has made its first close pass by the Sun, studying our star and space with a comprehensive suite of instruments — and the data is already revealing previously unseen details. This is #TheSunUpClose. https://t.co/rVMjz45DoY pic.twitter.com/YLKBXRNQZb
— NASA Sun & Space (@NASASun) July 16, 2020
In some pictures, scientists saw “bonfires” that are dotted throughout the star. These are small solar flares, which, as it turned out, can be a million or even a billion times smaller than previously thought. In a new photograph of the researchers, they found these foci in almost every part of the photographs.
Scientists suggest that the foci are mini-explosions that heat the external atmosphere of the Sun, they are also called “nanoflashes”. In order to study them closer, researchers from NASA and ESA want to get more accurate data from the Solar Orbiter (Solar Orbiter) in 2021, when the spacecraft will be closer to the Sun.
The solar orbiting vehicle works in collaboration with NASA and ESA, and its goal is to study the structure of the sun. After several delays, its launch was carried out on February 10, 2020. It came from the launch site at Cape Canaveral in Florida with the Atlas V booster rocket.