Innopolis University will create a robot that can build a house in a week. The cable system and 3D printing will allow you to build two-story houses without the tedious rearrangements of the robot on the construction site. This was reported by the press service of the university.
Today, only experimental installations with robotic manipulators are used at construction sites in the world, but the situation is far from widespread use in the construction of various robots. First of all, this is due to the fact that any manipulator must be moved around the construction site. Now companies from the USA, France and China are engaged in this. Another option is portal-type robots, then the house is actually built inside the robot. However, such devices cannot be scaled, and you also have to adapt to their size.
“The cable system of our robot solves such problems,” says Alexander Maloletov, deputy head of the NTI Competence Center in the direction “Technology of components of robotics and mechatronics” at the university. – Its use reduces the time of work and the number of people at the construction site, because a team of workers is no longer required. According to our calculations, a two-story house with an area of 15 by 15 meters will be erected by a cable robot in a week. ”
Due to the fact that the robot created at Innopolis University is based on a cable system, it has no problems setting up for a specific area of the building. In fact, it is necessary to put towers with winches, cables are attached to them, which should be enough for the right distance. Then the building mixture is poured into a special container, parameters are set and the 3D printing process is started from the remote control. The scalability of robots is limited by the height of the towers. The maximum height of the houses is 8 m, which is approximately two floors. The mixture of the Ufa gypsum company, which specializes in building materials using 3D printing, is used as a building mixture at Innopolis University.
The development of a cable robot builder began in the fall of 2019 and will last until 2022.