Scientific equipment aboard the Indian automatic interplanetary station Chandrayaan-2 recorded the presence of hydroxyl groups and water molecules on the lunar surface.
“Chandrayan-2” (in Sanskrit means “Lunar ship”) is the second automatic interplanetary station (AMS) of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for exploration of the moon.
The purpose of the mission is to reach the orbit of the Earth satellite and study it from an altitude of 100 km using the orbital instruments, make a soft landing on the lunar surface and explore the Moon using the scientific instruments of the lander and the Pragyan lunar rover. The Chandrayan-2 mission was launched on July 22, 2019. On August 20 of the same year, the station entered a circumlunar orbit.
Now the Chandrayan-2 mission has fixed water molecules on the lunar surface. Scientists plan to carefully analyze these materials in future studies of the Earth satellite.
It was possible to confirm the existence of hydroxyl groups and water molecules on the Moon thanks to the infrared spectrometer, which is installed on board Chandrayaan-2. The instrument, created to analyze the electromagnetic spectrum of the lunar surface, transmits detailed information about its mineral composition to the earth.