The capabilities of the Russian heavy flamethrower multiple launch rocket system horrified the American publicist Mark Episkopos. He wrote about this in an article for The National Interest.
“Many years have passed since the adoption of the TOS-1, but this flamethrower is still one of the deadliest non-nuclear weapons in the rapidly growing Russian arsenal,” the author noted.
Most of all, Episkopos was struck by the device of a three-dimensional explosion munition. It consists of two components. The chemical is sprayed in the air and then ignited, which creates a large-radius shockwave, the journalist explained. The author also noted that the Russian CBT system is designed for fire support of infantry and armored vehicles. Weapons of this type are most effective in a closed space, they can destroy enemy fortifications over a large area and in a short time, and death from a TOC volley is “unpleasant,” wrote Episkopos.