In windmills that stand in the water, they see a new way of extracting clean energy. The idea is to give up some of the coasts to wind energy: this solution takes into account the comfort of people who are unhappy that live near windmills. He spoke in more detail to NYT about the new windmills, Jose Pinheiro, director of the WindFloat Atlantic project.
The idea to install windmills in the sea appeared around the beginning of the 1990s: it was necessary to look for open spaces and coordinate everything with local residents who did not want to live next to a huge rotating mechanism. Later, another problem appeared: mills cannot be placed too deep in the water, as the structure may lose stability. Now the mills are installed at a depth of about 100 feet, which is approximately equal to 30 meters. At the end of May, the company towed another third tower on the coast, 11 miles from the northwest of Portugal.
Over the past three decades, the sea wind has intensified, so it has become more profitable to use wind energy. Despite the fact that marine winds still account for less than 1% of global electricity production, over the past decade, total production has grown by almost 30% and has become one of the main factors in generating electricity in Northern Europe.
How powerful can this industry be in combating climate change? According to analysts at the International Energy Agency, which is located in Paris, the installation of windmills in water will have technical potential if it spreads around the world. Electricity generation is both a source of emissions and a potential means of reducing them.