IBM unveils the first 2nm chip. The company claims it managed to fit 50 billion transistors on a fingernail-sized chip.
The architecture could help processor makers achieve 45% performance gains with the same amount of power as current 7nm chips, IBM said. Thus, you can use up to 75% less energy without sacrificing performance. However, engineers note that many 2nm-based processors are likely to strike a balance between performance and improved power efficiency.
The battery life of mobile devices with 2nm processors can be four times longer than those of devices with 7nm chips. IBM says these phones only need to be charged every four days. According to the company, such processors will increase the speed of laptops, and autonomous vehicles will detect and respond to objects faster.
The publication Engadget notes that IBM made a breakthrough in the field of 2nm chips before its competitors. Apple’s M1 and A14 processors and Huawei’s Kirin 9000 appeared last fall as the first 5nm processors. Other manufacturers such as AMD and Qualcomm usually use 7nm TSMC chips, although Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 888 is manufactured using Samsung’s 5nm technology. As for Intel, the company is unlikely to release 7nm processors until 2023.
It is not yet clear when 2nm processors will hit consumer devices. IBM plans to release the first commercial 7nm processors this year in its Power Systems servers. Journalists suggest that it will take at least several years for 2nm processors to appear in laptops and phones.