Hydrogen trains appeared in India. They should help reduce record emissions of harmful substances – in 2015 they amounted to 3,571 million tons.
Hydrogen trains will run on a 300 kW hybrid engine. They have four cars, while the train can accelerate to 140 km / h. In one of the cars gas cylinders with hydrogen, fuel cells, capacitors, batteries, and DC/DC converters will be installed. Hydrogen will be supplied from the cylinders to the fuel cells, and the output power will set the train in motion.
Such a hybrid locomotive will become the most powerful in the world. It will be produced at the plant for the modernization of diesel locomotives in the city of Patiala.
In India, rail is the second most popular mode of transport, with 2.8 billion liters of diesel per year spent on it. According to the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), India’s greenhouse gas emissions in 2015 amounted to 3,571 million tons.
“Type tests of these vehicles have shown that hydrogen, as a transport fuel, is safe to handle and use. Likewise, passenger safety aspects should be an integral part of the technical characteristics of hydrogen-powered trains”, the government noted. This step is part of railways’ efforts to green fuel use. Indian Railways has already installed solar panels on the roof of trains with a 4.5 kW diesel-electric train.