A group of scientists found out that the incineration of waste at thermal power plants will improve the environment.
Scientists from the Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) and the Ural Federal University (Ural Federal University) came to the conclusion that the use of fuel compositions for thermal power plants instead of coal will reduce emissions of harmful oxides into the atmosphere by 70%.
According to the International Energy Agency, the burning of fossil fuels produces more than 90% of the world’s pollution with sulfur and nitrogen oxides. It is also dangerous for human, plant and animal health.
In order to solve this problem, scientists have invented water-based fuel suspensions based on the by-products of coal and oil processing, municipal solid waste, woodworking industry waste and other biomass.
If such a mixture is used, then the concentration of sulfur and nitrogen oxides during the combustion of fuel compositions becomes 70% lower than during the combustion of coal.
The use of fuels based on waste and by-products of production not only reduces the burden on the environment, but also makes it possible to dispose of large volumes of accumulated waste, involving unused, but energetically promising raw materials. It also helps conserve non-renewable fossil fuels.
Galina Nyashina, Assistant at the TPU High-Energy Processes Physics Research School
Scientists continue to improve the composition of fuel compositions based on hydrocarbons and waste.