For the first time, researchers have successfully sequenced the entire genome of a female skull from Mueri Cave. She lived on the territory of modern Romania 35 thousand years ago.
The genetic diversity of the samples studied shows that migration from Africa was not a major obstacle to human development. Rather, the decline in genetic diversity occurred during and after the last ice age. This is the conclusion reached by Swedish scientists from Uppsala University. The results are published in the journal Current Biology.
In the course of the study, it turned out that the woman from the Mueri cave is more like modern Europeans than those people who lived in Europe 5,000 years ago.
It should be noted that to date, very few complete genomes older than 30 thousand years have been sequenced.
The spread of modern humans from Africa about 80,000 years ago is an important period in human history. The population moved from Africa to Asia and Europe. The consequences of these migrations can be seen even today.