Archaeologists have studied the sites of ancient people in southern Italy. During the study, scientists found that Neanderthals became permanent residents of this region 110 thousand years ago. It was then that the early Würm glaciation began.
Italian and French scientists studied Paleolithic sites in the Puglia region. They confirmed that Neanderthals were constantly present in the region from the Early Wurm glaciation to 45–39 thousand years ago, fleeing the Ice Age. However, later they became extinct anyway.
Scientists suggest that this is not only due to unfavorable climatic changes, but also competition with Cro-Magnons for food resources. The survival of Neaderthals was also influenced by diseases to which they did not have immunity. It also turned out that Neanderthals lived in very small groups and died out due to low genetic diversity.
Archaeologists came to the conclusion that ineffective hunting methods should be added to all the already known reasons for the disappearance of Neanderthals, because of which the relatives of modern people received less meat and were less likely to get it.