The number of storms will increase many times.
Scientists from the University of Newcastle (UK) and the Meteorological Bureau have concluded that climate change will result in a significant increase in the number of intense, slow-moving storms. The same storms led to the recent catastrophic floods in Europe with numerous victims.
The experts used high-resolution climate models as a basis, which allow simulating the climate over Europe.
Thanks to the grid step of the model of two kilometers, it was possible to obtain a high level of detail of storm systems. They showed that by the end of the 21st century, slow-moving storms will occur on land 14 times more often than they are now.
At the same time, it is the slow speed of the storm that leads to an extremely large amount of precipitation and significantly increases the risk of flash floods.
Slow-spreading intense downpours will occur more often under the RCP8.5 scenario, which foresees an increase in carbon dioxide emissions throughout the century.
If humanity does not limit greenhouse gas emissions, serious consequences will affect the whole of Europe. Scientists have complained that world governments are reducing emissions too slowly, thereby accelerating global warming.
Severe floods have previously hit Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The disaster caused serious damage to the infrastructure; the number of victims goes to dozens. At least 164 people were killed in Germany alone.