The British government has published a document with new provisions on the country’s migration policy, which will come into force after Britain’s exit from the EU.
According to the proposals, low-skilled workers from the EU after the “Brexit” will no longer be able to obtain automatically a work permit in the UK.
Migration was one of the main topics discussed during the referendum on “Brexit”.
Speaking about the document in Parliament, interior Minister Sajid Javid said that there are concerns about migration among supporters and opponents of the country’s exit from the EU.
“As a result of the referendum, we can abolish freedom of movement; for the first time in 40 years, we will be able to decide who can and who can not enter this country,” he said.
He noted that Britain will be open to doing business, and already living here people will be able to stay regardless of whether the agreement on “Brexit” will be signed or not.
Javid noted that the document focuses on three points:
-freedom of movement ceases, and in the future all except the British and Irish citizens will be required to obtain permission to enter the country;
-the current system of preferences for EU residents stops that put in the same position of people whose talent is in demand in Britain, regardless of citizenship;
-migrants will be selected according to their abilities to the country came the most gifted.
Javid said that the government is seeking the effectiveness of the future migration system for those who come to the country, for companies, for government agencies and for Britain as a whole.
According to him, this approach protects the interests of British workers, while eliminating bureaucracy.
Here are some suggestions from the government:
For qualified professionals, the annual quota will be abolished and employers will not have to initially advertise the vacancy in the British media before advertising abroad. The minimum wage requirement will continue.
Short-term visas are provided for those who wish to come to Britain to work for a short period of time. Visitors on such visas will not be able to receive financial assistance from the state, will be deprived of the right to apply for a residence permit and will not be able to transport the family. The visa will be issued for 12 months.
Quotas for foreign students are not introduced, and it will be easier to come to Britain to study.
Reducing bureaucratic delays
According to Javid, Britain seeks to be open to doing business, not to tighten bureaucratic nuts.
It is expected that the new system will come into force from 2021. This will happen gradually to avoid sudden changes and hasty decisions.
Earlier in an interview with the BBC, the Minister said that the document does not mention how many migrants will be considered acceptable annually. During the election campaign, the ruling Conservative party promised to reduce migration growth to less than 100 thousand.
Javid said that for the majority of residents the current number of migrants coming to the country — 273 thousand people a year — seems too high, and it should be reduced to a level that would meet primarily economic needs.
According to him, the new migration system will be based primarily on the skills of people coming, and not depend on what country they come from.
30 thousand pounds a year
Previously, the independent Advisory Committee on migration recommended that Home -office abandon the current quota, according to which 20,700 qualified specialists can obtain a Tier 2 visa every year. This group includes nurses and doctors.
Consultations will be held on whether it is necessary to leave the minimum wage requirement in its current form: now the salary offered by the employer should exceed 30 thousand pounds (about 33 thousand euros) per year. Some companies and members of the government are calling for this amount to be reduced.
The minimum wage requirement already applies to the majority of skilled migrants coming from outside the European economic area.
This may affect the ability of the national health service of Britain to hire the necessary medical staff, said its representative Saffron Corderi in an interview with the BBC. “We are very concerned about what is happening. High qualification does not mean high salary,” he said.